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Cryptocurrency Guide | Guides

What Is Avalanche (AVAX)? All You Need To Know

Author

Rickie Sanchez

Tags

Tags Editor's Choice / Slider Posts

Reading time

4 mins
Last update

Author

Rickie Sanchez

Tags

Editor's Choice / Slider Posts

Reading time

4 mins
Last update

Author

Rickie Sanchez

Tags

Editor's Choice, Slider Posts

Reading time

4 mins
Last update

Avalanche (AVAX)

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Key Takeaways

  • Avalanche (AVAX) is a blockchain platform designed for speed, scalability, and security.
  • The project aims to be a leading platform for dApps (decentralized applications) and DeFi (Decentralized Finance) and to bridge traditional finance with DeFi.
  • It also seeks to bridge the gap between traditional and decentralized finance by supporting tokenized real-world assets (RWAs).

What Is Avalanche (AVAX)?

Avalanche (AVAX) is a blockchain platform designed to address the challenges previous blockchain technologies face, particularly in terms of scalability, speed, and security. It aims to be a powerful platform for decentralized applications (dApps), DeFi (Decentralized Finance), and other blockchain use cases.

How Does Avalanche (AVAX) Work?

Avalanche (AVAX) functions as a smart contract platform designed to address the limitations of previous blockchain technologies, particularly in scalability, speed, and security. Here’s a breakdown of its fundamental workings:

Three-Chain Architecture

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Unlike some blockchains, Avalanche utilizes a unique three-chain architecture:

  • X-Chain (Exchange Chain) – This is the primary chain responsible for creating and trading assets, including the native AVAX token. It functions similarly to other blockchains used for cryptocurrency transactions.
  • C-Chain (Contract Chain) – This chain is compatible with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), allowing developers to easily port existing Ethereum-based applications (dApps) to Avalanche. This fosters a rich ecosystem for DeFi and other decentralized applications.
  • P-Chain (Platform Chain) – This chain coordinates validators and facilitates the creation of custom blockchains, called subnets, within the Avalanche ecosystem. Subnets cater to specific needs and can have their own rules and functionalities.

Consensus Mechanism

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Avalanche utilizes a custom consensus mechanism called Snowman, which builds upon the Proof-of-Stake (PoS) concept. Here’s the gist:

  • Validators on the network randomly sample a small group of their peers to verify transactions.
  • If there is disagreement, the validators repeat the sampling process until they reach a consensus on a transaction’s validity.
  • This method is designed to be highly secure and resistant to 51% attacks, a concern for some PoS blockchains.

Scalability And Speed

One of Avalanche’s key strengths is its ability to quickly handle a high volume of transactions. This is achieved by combining its three-chain architecture and Snowman consensus mechanism. Avalanche boasts processing thousands of transactions per second (TPS) with low latency, making it suitable for DeFi applications and high-usage scenarios.

Interoperability

By supporting the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), Avalanche allows for easy integration of existing Ethereum-based dApps. This fosters interoperability between different blockchain ecosystems and attracts developers to build on Avalanche.

Subnets

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The P-Chain facilitates the creation of custom blockchains (subnets) within the Avalanche ecosystem. Subnets can have their own rules and functionalities, allowing for specialized applications and optimized performance for specific use cases.

Avalanche (AVAX) Token And Tokenomics

Tokenomics

The AVAX token is Avalanche’s native cryptocurrency. It is used for:

  • Governance
  • Staking
  • Protocol Fees
  • Utility Token

Token Details

Total Supply 720,000,000 AVAX

Circulating Supply 378,407,845 AVAX

Current Price $35.04

Market Capitalization $13,249,391,001

Distribution

  • Staking Rewards (50%)
  • Team & Advisors (15.5%)
  • Public & Private Sales (11.5%)
  • Foundation & Ecosystem (16.76%)
    • Avalanche Foundation (9.26%)
    • Community & Developer Endowment (7.5%)
  • Others (3.27%)

This information is current as of May 6th, 2024, and the token’s price, market value, and available supply may fluctuate.

Where Can I Buy Avalanche (AVAX)?

Binance Binance is a major exchange offering a wide range of cryptocurrencies. It offers multiple ways to buy crypto, including credit cards, debit cards, and peer-to-peer (P2P) trading.

Bybit This exchange is known for its derivatives and margin trading features, but you can also use the platform for spot trading.

Coinbase Coinbase is an American-based cryptocurrency exchange that allows you to buy cryptocurrencies using various payment methods, including bank transfers, debit cards, and wire transfers.

Is Avalanche (AVAX) A Good Investment?

Pros

  • Support for Tokenized Real-World Assets (RWAs) – Avalanche’s partnerships with institutions enable tokenizing real-world assets like securities and commodities.
  • Scalability and Speed – Avalanche is known for its swift transaction processing times, which make it capable of handling thousands of transactions per second (TPS) with low latency.
  • EVM Compatibility – Avalanche is compatible with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), allowing developers to easily port existing Ethereum-based applications (dApps) to the Avalanche platform.

Cons

  • Token Supply Inflation – New AVAX tokens are continuously minted as staking rewards, potentially leading to inflation and decreasing individual tokens’ value over time. However, a burning mechanism is in place to help mitigate this effect.
  • Competition – The blockchain space is highly competitive, and Avalanche faces competition from established players like Ethereum and other fast-growing platforms.
  • Centralization Concerns – While Avalanche is designed to be decentralized, there are concerns about the high barrier to entry for becoming a validator (you need a minimum of 2,000 AVAX tokens to become a validator, and 25 AVAX to become a delegator).

Final Thoughts

Whether Avalanche (AVAX) is a good investment depends on your risk tolerance and goals. Remember, this guide only provides a starting point for your research. Always conduct your due diligence before making any investment decisions.